When the agreements come into force, the threats to suspend them due to human rights violations because of the association with the EU-Vietnam Partnership and Cooperation Agreement would not be credible: first, there are no EU precedents for free trade agreements suspended on human rights grounds; secondly, the suspension of the agreement, in particular the PPI, could be extremely detrimental to businesses and investment in the EU in the country; thirdly, Vietnam currently enjoys unilateral trade preferences from the generalised preference system  and the country`s inability to meet its many human rights obligations under the system still leads to a judicious response from the EU, which has instead intensified the negotiations on the CEFTA; fourth, human rights violations in the country are already so widespread and serious that if they were in force at the time of the letter, there would probably be reasons to suspend them. Explanatory letter in English Announce the agreement in English, in French (corrected version on 21 January 2020) in the Spanish list of multilateral agreements that expired between 2007 and 1 September 2020, summary meaning of NOA Example NDA NDA Synonyms of NOA NDA Meaning of NOA NDA comes from the Non-Disclosure Agreement and means in French a non-disclosure agreement. It`s about… In this context, we regret that the negotiations on CEFTA and IAP have not resulted in more tangible commitments on the part of the Vietnamese authorities on human rights than those contained in the “Sustainable Development” chapter of the EVFTA and that even for those who do not provide for a binding timetable or sanctions in the event of non-compliance, there are no binding deadlines or sanctions. Furthermore, we are concerned about the monitoring of the implementation of these agreements, which the EVFTA text assigns to independent civil society on both sides, forgetting that there is little independent civil society in Vietnam and certainly none which, at this stage, could appear openly and exercise such a function of in-depth monitoring without fear of impact. Finally, we remain deeply concerned by Vietnam`s reluctance to revise its penal code, whose provisions that peacefully criminalize the government make it de facto impossible to fully enjoy the rights enshrined in the Conventions of the International Labour Organization to which Vietnam has acceded or has committed to becoming a party. The final clause of a multilateral agreement should be formulated as follows: “This agreement is valid until (…) (a) for the transport of the contracting parties of the Association Agreement who have signed this agreement. If it is revoked by one of the signatories by then, it remains valid until the aforementioned date only for the transport on the territory of the contracting parties of the ACCORD who have signed this agreement and who have not revoked it. (date …) (b) The competent authority for the ADR of … (Signature) « . NOA comes from the English non-disclosure agreement and means in French a non-disclosure agreement. It is a contract between two or more entities whereby the various contractors are strictly confidential with certain important information exchanged and/or disclosed as part of a joint project. This contract can therefore be unilateral or mutual.
The non-disclosure agreement thus allows disclosure to protect information that is not legally protected by nature, such as patents or copyrights, for example.