The WTO is a forum for further negotiations to strengthen intellectual property obligations, as well as in other areas covered by WTO agreements. A 2003 agreement eased the requirements of the domestic market and allows developing countries to export to other countries where there is a national health problem as long as the exported medicines are not part of a trade or industrial policy.  Drugs exported under such a regime may be packaged or coloured differently to prevent them from harming the markets of industrialized countries. The TRIPS Council comprises all WTO members. It shall be responsible for monitoring the functioning of the Agreement and, in particular, the manner in which Members fulfil their obligations under the Agreement. However, Members may choose to enact laws that provide broader protection than is necessary in the Agreement, as long as the additional protection is not contrary to the provisions of the Agreement. . all categories of intellectual property that are the subject of Sections 1 to 7 of Part II of the Agreement (Article 1.2). These include copyright and related rights, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, patents, layout designs for integrated circuits and the protection of undisclosed information. The 1994 Agreement on trade aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) was annexed to the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO), establishing minimum standards for the protection of intellectual property (IP) to be respected and enforced by all WTO member countries1,2 The TRIPS negotiations have been long and complex, as evidenced by many commentators.3-5 Many low- and middle-income countries (as the global laba has done) have been long and complex. nk classés) opposed the inclusion of intellectual property. 6 In the end, however, they were forced to accept the `TRIPS package` as an indivisible element of the WTO system. Since the entry into force of TRIPS, bilateral and regional trade agreements have tended to set even higher standards of intellectual property rights protection, what Peter Drahos calls the “global ratchet” for Ip7 rights.